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1. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time?
Answer: As the plants take several months to bear fruits, vegetables or seeds, people who grow crops must stay in the same place for long time to take care of the crops.
2. Look at the table on page 25. If Neinuo wanted to eat rice, which are the places she should have visited?
Answer: Kholdiwa and Mahagara were the places where rice was grown. So Neinuo must have visited any of these places if she wanted to eat rice.
3. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later?
Answer: Archaeologists have found various types of remains from different levels of excavation at Mehrgarh. Remains from deeper levels show bones of wild animals. This shows that people were still hunters. Remains from upper levels show bones of domesticated animals. This shows that later on people became herders.
4. State whether true or false:
(a) Millets have been found at Hallur. (True)
(b) People in Burzahom lived in rectangular houses. (False)
(c) Chirand is a site in Kashmir. (False)
(d) Jadeite, found in Daojali Hading, may have been brought from China. (True)
3. List three ways in which the lives of farmers and herders would have been different from that of hunter-gatherers.
Answer: The following are the differences between farmers-herders and hunters-gatherers,
|Lived a nomadic life roaming from one place to other
||Lived a settled life. Lived in villages or settlements.
|Hunted wild animals for food
||Domesticated animals and cultivated crops
|Food supply was not secured
||Food supply was secured
4. Make a list of all the animals mentioned in the table (page 25). For each one, describe what they may have been used for.
Answer: Archeologists are the people who study the things made and used in the past. The following is the list of things which they study:
||Milk, Farm work
||Hunting companion, guarding
5. Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did?
Answer: Ordinary men and women may not have felt the need to record the things or they may have lacked proper writing equipment.
6. Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings would have been different from those of farmers.
Answer: The life of king would have been definitely different from that of farmers. The difference could be,
- Kings had large kingdoms whereas the farmers didn't.
- Kings must have enjoyed luxurious life but the farmers could not afford to.
- Kings used to keep a record of their achievements and victories in war, whereas farmer who was an ordinary man would not keep the record of the things.
7. List the cereals that you eat.
Answer: The following is the list of cereals that we eat today,
8. Do you grow the cereals you have listed in answer no. 7? If yes, draw a chart to show the stages in growing them. If not, draw a chart to show how these cereals reach you from the farmers who grow them.
Answer: No. The farmers grow these cereals in the field.
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