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Cloze test practice-4
PASSAGE 4 (Questions 1-5)
Directions: In the below given passage, there are blanks each of which has been numbered. Five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Generally a disaster __(1)__ in significant loss in social, psychological and economics aspects. It not only __(2)__ to structural damages, but also leaves families torn apart, children orphaned, livelihoods destroyed and communities traumatised. Non-structural factors such as lack of responsiveness of government officials and ineffective leadership are mainly __(3)__ for any disaster mismanagement. India is __(4)__ to a variety of natural and man-made disasters. Strong and effective emergency management has been a felt __(5)__ in all corners of the world.
[SBI (PO), 2014]
Select the appropriate word for blank 1.
Answer: Option B
'results' means a favourable outcome of an undertaking or contest.
Here, four options (a), (b), (c) and (d) are similar but 'causes' and 'creates' require no preposition. 'results' takes the preposition 'in' 'Imparts' has a different meaning as 'to convey' or 'to add some quality to'
Hence, the correct option is 'E' leads which takes preposition 'to'.
Here 'accounts', 'responsible' and 'factors' are the nearest options. But 'accounts' is wrong according to the syntax of the sentence. 'Factors' is a noun and so it should be qualified by an adjective ' main', not adverb ' mainly'.