The decline of Mughal Empire started with the death of Aurangzeb in 1707. His death marked the end of an era in Indian history. Aurangzeb was one of the capable rulers of Mughal dynasty. After his death his three sons obviously fought for succession. One of his sons who succeeded took the tile of Bahadur shah and began to rule the Mughal Empire. He ruled for about 4 years. His rule was full of distress, trouble and wars. To extend his empire, Bahadur shah waged war against Rajputs but in vain. Meanwhile Sikhs also revolted. Mughal Empire was also attacked frequently by Marathas. Finally Bahadur shah died in 1712.
Many kings succeeded Bahadur shah one after another but their rule was short lived as these kings were weak. Moreover the empire has threats both from internal and external forces like Afghans, Sikhs and Marathas.
Thus, Mughal emperors became name-sake rulers and the real powers were with the new kingdoms and their kings. Finally by the beginning of eighteenth century Mughal Empire declined completely.
This became advantageous for Europeans who were eyeing on India and its wealth. Europeans could easily fight the newly formed small states than the actual mighty Mughal Empire. Moreover Europeans were good sea fighters.
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