Lichens are a small group of curious plants of composite nature made up of two different organisms, an alga (phycobiont: in Latin phycos-alga; bios-life) and a fungus (mycobiont: in Greek mycos-fungus; bios-life). Algal and fungal components live in a truly intimate symbiotic relationship. This true nature of lichens was first identified by Simon Schwendener. He named the algal component as Phycobiont and the fungal component as Mycobiont.
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