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1. Name major nutrients in the food.
Answer: The major nutrients in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.
2. Name the following:
(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
Answer: Not Fats and carbohydrates are the nutrients which mainly give energy to our body. Hence they are called as energy giving nutrients.
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
Answer: Proteins are the nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body. Hence they are called body building nutrients.
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
Answer: Vitamin A is required for maintaining good eye sight.
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.
Answer: Calcium is the mineral which is required for keeping our bones healthy.
3. Name two food rich in,
(a) Fats: Ghee, Butter
(b) Starch: Potato, Wheat
(c) Dietary fiber: Whole grains, Pulses
(d) Protein: Meat, Fish
4. Tick the statements that are correct and cross the wrong ones.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. (×)
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (√)
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√)
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (×)
5. Fill in the blanks:
(a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beriberi.
(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as Scurvy.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A in our food.
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